Atlantic Port Of Departure - New York

1 Introducing New York

New York was initially settled by Europeans in the early seventeenth century, when a Dutch trading colony named New Amsterdam was established to process beaver furs. New Amsterdam was overrun by English soldiers in the mid 17th century and given the new name New York. During the next century New York grew quickly, as a crossroads for shipping between America and Europe.

The 1775-1783 Revolutionary War began when the colonists revolted due to the punitive taxation imposed by the British government.
New York was occupied by English troops all through the war, and was only surrendered back to American control at the end of the war. New York was the USA’s first capital city until superseded in 1790 by Philadelphia.

The nineteenth century was a period of continual growth of New York’s population. In 1825 the completion of the Erie Canal, which connected the city to the agricultural zone of Canada and the US Mid West stimulated trade.

New York continued to grow throughout the twentieth century to become a global center for business, finance and banking. A highlight of the century was the building boom which saw the materialization of Manhattan Island’s fabulous skyscraper skyline.

All through the history of New York its ports dotted around the Hudson Bay have been central to the success of the city. A big part of the docks’ importance has been due to the big numbers of passengers that have arrived in New York by boat. The first immigration center was Castle Garden, followed in 1892 by Ellis Island. At the start of the 20th century, immigrants did not arrive at Ellis Island but at Chelsea Piers on Manhattan Island, from where they were transferred back to the immigration center. But Chelsea Piers was unable to cater for larger ships, and new piers were built between West 44th and 52nd streets in the 1930s, to make the New York City Passenger Ship Terminal, or ‘Luxury Liner Row’. New restrictions on immigration slashed the number of cruise liners plying the north atlantic route.

But cruising came back to life when the New York City Passenger Ship Terminal reinvented itself in the 1970s as the Manhattan Cruise Terminal. Demand for cruising rose and two more cruise ports opened in the Hudson Bay area. The Brooklyn Cruise Terminal in Red Hook opened 2004 and Cape Liberty Cruise Terminal in Bayonnne, opened in 2005.

2 The Cruise Ports of New York

There are two cruise ports in NYC, the Mathattan Cruise Terminal beside the Hudson River on the west bank of Manhattan Island, and 7 miles to the south Brooklyn Cruise Terminal on the eastern side of Hudson Bay on the Red Hook shoreline of Brooklyn. Also near to the city is Cape Liberty Cruise Terminal, on the west coastline of the Upper Bay, at Bayonne, New Jersey.


Manhattan Cruise Terminal

The Manhattan Cruise Terminal is situated to the side of West 44th through West 52nd streets on the west Hudson River side of Manhattan Island. The facilities at the terminal include newsstands, rest rooms, check-in areas, customs and immigration, cafes, seating areas and VIP areas. There are car parks on the roof on the terminal buildings. Manhattan Cruise Terminal is primarily used by Holland America, Carnival and NCL ships.


Brooklyn Cruise Terminal

Positioned across from Governors Island in Red Hook, the Brooklyn cruise terminal is a modern building. On account of its history as a working port, the terminal surroundings have a commerical docks look. The terminal has customs, immigration, check-in, vending machines and restrooms. There is an adjacent parking area capable of handling 500 cars. Cunard and Princess Cruises ships make use of Brooklyn Cruise Terminal.


Bayonne Cruise Terminal

Cape Liberty cruise terminal is located at the Peninsula in Upper Bay. Inaugurated in 2004, the cruise port was originally the Bayonne Navy. The terminal has check-in desks, immigration, customs, a snackbar and restrooms. Passengers need to be transported by bus from the terminal to the ship quay, as the distance between the two is over half-a-mile. Convenient parking is sited next to the terminal building. Cape Liberty Cruise Terminal is home to Royal Caribbean and Celebrity Cruises ships.

The three terminals offer a wide variety of cruises. Favorite all year long cruises are the Caribbean and the Bahamas. This far south you’ll escape the chilly New York winter, as you voyage into warmer weather. During the summer, cruises to Bermuda often stay 2 days, so you can enjoy the exciting nightlife. Also on offer in the summer months are cruises along the eastern seaboard of the north-eastern states and Canada, with historic and charming ports. An alternative idea during summer and fall is a transatlantic cruise to Europe.

See cruises from New York for a comprehensive listing of cruises available.

For the Port Authority (excepting Bayonne see New York City Economic Development Corporation


3 Out and About in New York

Near Manhattan Cruise Terminal

Empire State Building
The Empire State Building Observatory with its panoramic views across the city is one of New York’s star attractions. Catch the lift to the Observatory and stroll around the airy promenade, 1050ft above the city’s bustling streets. The Empire State Building is a 30 minute walk from the cruise terminal.

Central Park
In the center of Manhattan island sits iconic Central Park, a huge green space designed in mid 19th century. Highlights would include the Bethesda fountain, the Great Lawn, Belvedere Castle, the Zoo and the Botanical Gardens.

Near Red Hook Cruise Terminal

Brooklyn Bridge
Arching nearly 1600ft over the East River, Brooklyn Bridge, when finished in the late nineteenth century, was greeted as an amazing feat of construction. As you stroll along the bridge you can enjoy great views across Manhattan, Brooklyn and Upper NY Harbor .

Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Brooklyn Botanic Garden was started in 1910, on the former site of a rubbish tip. Stroll around the Fragrance Garden, the Herb Garden, the Japanese Hill-and-Pond Garden and the Children’s Garden. Also in the garden are a café, a garden shop and a souvenir shop.

Near Bayonne Cruise Terminal

Liberty State Park
Liberty State Park is a large green space in the center of metropolitan northern New Jersey. At the park’s northern side stands the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal, where immigrants, after having being processed at Ellis Island, would get on a train to their new life. A two-mile waterfront pathway, Liberty Walk presents visitors with a panoramic view of the Hudson River, the Manhattan skyline and the Statue of Liberty. A all year round ferry is available from Liberty State Park to Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty.

Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty is one of the most celebrated icons of the United States and New York City. Conceived in Paris by Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, in collaboration with Gustave Eiffel, this towering testament to liberty was a present from the French to commemorate the centennial of American Independence. Tickets to the statue’s base area may be reserved or bought at the statue. Entry to the spiral staircase and crown is limited to 30 people per hour, so crown tickets must be booked in advance.

4 Traveling to New York Cruise Ports


By Air
Newark International, John F. Kennedy and La Guardia. airports are the nearest airports to the Manhattan Cruise Terminal. LaGuardia is the nearest, 8 miles away. Taxis are available from each airport. Some cruise lines arrange a coach transfer.
By Car
Entrance to the cruise terminal is from the north at the intersection of 12th Avenue and 55th Street. Parking is available on top of each of the three terminals.
From North/Yonkers
Go southbound on the Highway 9A, exit to the right at 55th Street.
From East/Jersey City
Drive thorugh the Holland Tunnel, follow the signs for Highway 9A. When you reach the waterfront turn right onto Route 9A. Continue for 1 mile then take the exit signed Ship Terminal.
From West/Long Island
From the Queens-Midtown Tunnel, go west on 34th Street to 12th Avenue. Head right and continue north to the ship port.
By Train
Penn Station and Grand Central Station are the closest train stations to the Manhattan Cruise Terminal. Taxis are on hand at either. Another idea is to take the subway to Columbus Circle, and walk onwards to the cruise terminal.


By Air
LaGuardia is just 12 miles from Brooklyn Cruise Terminal, John F K and Newark Liberty are a little further away. Taxis are readily available at each airport. Some cruise lines arrange a bus.
By Car
Vehicles enter the cruise ship terminal at the junction of Imlay Street and Bowne Street.
From the North/Manhattan
Drive through the Battery Tunnel, I478 south into Brooklyn. Leave at Exit 26 into Hamilton Avenue. Make a U-turn at the junction of Hamilton Avenue with 9th Street, then return following westbound Hamilton Avenue. Make a leftwards at Van Brunt Street, and after 200 yards, turn right onto Bowne Street to reach the cruise terminal.
From the South/Elizabeth
Travel across the Verrazano Narrows Bridge. Continue on Gowanus Expressway towards Brooklyn. Exit at Exit 26, Hamilton Ave. Go along Hamilton Ave to the end, take a left turn on Van Brunt and travel 200 yards to make a right onto Bowne Street to reach the ship terminal.
By Train
Penn Station and Grand Central Station are the closest stations from the Manhattan Cruise Terminal. Cabs are on hand at both.


By Air
Newark Liberty Airport is the most convenient airport to reach Bayonne terminal at a distance of approximately 5 miles. John F. Kennedy and La Guardia are about 25 miles away. Taxis are readily available from each airport. Most cruise lines arrange a shuttle coach.
By Car
From NJ Turnpike (North/East)
Leave the NJ Turnpike, Interstate 78, at Exit 14A. Head onto 440 South. After about a mile, then turn left into Cape Liberty Terminal Boulevard
From Staten Island Expressway (South/West)
Leave on 440 heading north. Drive across Bayonne Bridge and carry on following 440. Make a right into into Cape Liberty Terminal Boulevard
By Train
The most convenient train station is the HBLR station at 34th street. Take a taxi from there. Be aware that no public transport goes to the cruise terminal itself, and pedestrians have restricted access to the cruise terminal.

5 Other Information

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